Beyond the “Banking and Sage on Stage” Metaphors for Teaching and Learning—Better Metaphors and Teachers who Foster Discovery and Transformational Learning

Patricia Benner, R.N., Ph.D., FAAN Copyright August 15, 2019 Metaphors can inspire reflection, exploration, and articulation of approaches to teaching and learning. Paulo Friere (1970; 2000) critiqued the dominant “banking metaphor” for teaching and learning. By banking metaphor, he meant teaching students as if they are passive, empty bank accounts into which the teacher’s goal is to …

Diane Pestolesi coaching volleyball

Diane Pestolesi: Coaching

  Diane Pestolesi’s metaphor is coaching. This opens up possibilities for situated teaching and learning in actual clinical practice.  She asks questions, assesses students’ approaches and practical understandings, and offers situated coaching.  

The Master Teacher Sparks Curiosity and Facilitates Transformative Learning – ARTICLE

By Patricia Benner, R.N., Ph.D. FAAN April  28, 2015, copyright 2015 Our Team and I are reflecting on the many provocative and engaging conversations at the ATI Summit in San Diego April 19-22nd, 2015. Our Co-Producer, June Hagman, was asked, “What does being a ‘Master Teacher’ mean? Master Teacher, Dr. Hubert L. Dreyfus describes master …